In a recent study by Lohrer, Tai et al. “Evidence of rebound effect in New Zealand MPAs: Unintended consequences of spatial management measures“. Ocean & Coastal Management, Volume 239, 2023. Researchers have uncovered evidence of a phenomenon known as the “rebound effect,” shedding light on unintended consequences of spatial management measures in Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) in New Zealand. While MPAs are traditionally believed to enhance fish size and biomass within their borders, this investigation focused on the impact of these protected zones on fishing fleet (human) behavior and fish catches outside MPA boundaries.